What is poverty? It’s not as simple as you think (2022)

Poverty, in the simplest sense of the word, is a state where one lacks access to basic needs such as food, clothing and shelter. It is also used to describe a person whose living conditions prevent them from being able to acquire education, seek medical help, secure a stable job, and participate in recreational activities due to a lack of money.

Poverty is not just about money, though. It is a bigger conversation about marginalization, exclusion, and domestic and international economic indicators. Learn more about these complexities and how World Vision has been partnering with donors to reduce poverty in the world’s most vulnerable places.

  1. What is the definition of poverty?
  2. What is the difference between absolute poverty and relative poverty?
  3. Is poverty only about money?
  4. Which places around the world are most affected by poverty?
  5. Which are the poorest countries in the world?
  6. How many children around the world live in poverty?
  7. How does poverty affect children?
  8. What can I do to reduce poverty?
  9. What is World Vision doing to combat poverty around the world?
  10. Is child sponsorship an effective way to reduce poverty?

1. What is the definition of poverty?
Essentially, poverty refers to lacking enough resources to provide the necessities of life—food, clean water, shelter and clothing. But in today’s world, that can be extended to include access to health care, education and even transportation. In government circles, poverty is often further defined as “absolute poverty” and “relative poverty” (more on that below).

Every country has its own measure for poverty. However, a widely recognized authority on the topic of “extreme poverty” is the World Bank. The Bank keeps a metric called the International Poverty Line and, as of 2015, set the definition of extreme poverty as those who live on less than US$1.90 per day. (Those living on between $1.90-$3.10 per day are classified as the “moderate poor.”) This number is based on the monetary value of a person’s consumption rather than income alone.

What is poverty? It’s not as simple as you think (1)
Among people living in extreme poverty or those who live on less than $1.90 per day, children are the most vulnerable. According to UNICEF, the poorest children are twice as likely to die in childhood and are prone to develop fewer skills for the workforce. Photo: Scovia Faida Charles

2. What is the difference between absolute poverty and relative poverty?
Absolute poverty refers to those whose incomes fall below a line set by a given country. Below this line people are unable to meet their basic needs for food, water and shelter. They also have no access to social services such as health care, education and utilities.

(Video) How To Escape Poverty - 'Is Your Thinking Keeping You Poor?' - Professional Speaker Douglas Kruger

Relative poverty refers to people whose total incomes are less than a certain percentage—typically 50%--of the country’s median income. Because the median income can vary as a result of economic growth, the line for relative poverty can change. When poverty is defined to include access to services and security critical to well-being—and not just income and consumption—the global poverty rate increases by 50%.

What is poverty? It’s not as simple as you think (2)
Young children, including a family of six, in the Democratic Republic of Congo await a meal of porridge. Photo: Jon Warren

3. Is poverty only about money?
No. Common perceptions of poverty consider income and consumption alone. However, there are significant approaches that say other factors must be included. This is because money doesn’t tell the whole story. (Typically, when the poor describe their poverty they do so in ways that go beyond simply not having enough money.) Examples of such approaches include the Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) and the Human Development Index (HDI).

The MPI is supported by the United Nations Development Programme. It measures poverty across three dimensions—health, education and standard of living. It then further breaks these down into 10 indicators:

  • Nutrition
  • Child mortality
  • Years of schooling
  • School attendance
  • Cooking fuel
  • Sanitation
  • Drinking water
  • Electricity
  • Housing
  • Assets

For more information on the MPI, see the UN’s 2020 Multidimensional Poverty Index. World Vision’s range of programs actively address a number of these indicators.

What is poverty? It’s not as simple as you think (3)
The ongoing climate crisis is a direct threat to poverty reduction despite the poorest people in the world contributing the least to climate change. World Bank says up to 130 million people can be pushed to poverty in the next 10 years if climate change remains unchecked.

(Video) Poverty isn't a lack of character; it's a lack of cash | Rutger Bregman

4. Which places around the world are most affected by poverty?
According to the World Poverty Clock, the global breakdown for the number of people living in “extreme poverty” ” per continentis:

  • 460 million in Africa
  • 173.7 million in Asia
  • 2.1 million in Europe
  • 9.6 million in North America
  • 31.8 million in South America
  • 3 million in Oceania

5. Which are the poorest countries in the world?
As of 2022, the three countries with the greatest number of people living in extreme poverty are:

  • India (83 million)
  • Nigeria (83million)
  • Democratic Republic of Congo (67million)

What is poverty? It’s not as simple as you think (4)
Severe droughts drive water prices in Somalia upward, making it difficult for villagers to avail this basic commodity. World Vision helps provide emergency water trucking in some regions to give villagers access to clean water. Photo: Gwayi Patrick

6. How many children around the world live in poverty?
Nearly 356 million childrenaround the world live in “extreme poverty” (less than US$1.90 per day). It is estimated that 1 billion children live in multidimensional poverty, which means that they lack basic necessities such as clean water or nutrition.

7. How does poverty affect children?
Children usually depend on their parents or guardians. They don’t have the resources to pull themselves out of poverty. This makes them more likely to experience the problems common to poverty, including:

  • Illness due to unsafe water and poor sanitation
  • Malnutrition (for example, leading to stunted growth)
  • Lack of access to education (for example, leading to depressed future productivity)
  • Inadequate health care

Child poverty has other negative effects. It can trigger a cycle of poverty that lasts generations, increase the incidence of early marriage and raise psychological issues of stress and shame. However, with the right response, starting with education, the cycle of poverty can be broken.

(Video) [ISC68 Final Forum] Table 4 Presentation

8. What can I do to reduce poverty?
You can find and support creditable organizations that are working to reduce poverty in the world’s poorest communities. There are a variety of organizations focused on different aspects of poverty. These can include access to health care and education services, labour rights and conditions, or by demographic such as women and children.

Supporting these organizations can involve everything from making financial donations, to volunteering, to advocacy work. With World Vision, there are several ways that you can get involved in the fight against poverty. You can donate through our Gift Catalogue, become a child ambassador, support a community and more. Explore!

What is poverty? It’s not as simple as you think (5)
Two small children diagnosed with severe malnutrition are consuming a pack each of ready-to-use therapeutic food. Photo: Suzy Sainovski

9. What is World Vision doing to combat poverty around the world?
World Vision Canada works with the world’s most vulnerable people regardless of religion, race, ethnicity or gender. We focus on children and their communities in more than 50 countries and use a variety of programs to:

  • Increase access to, and the quality of, education
  • Develop economic self-empowerment (raising the economic well-being of individual households and/or communities)
  • Increase access to health care
  • Improve access to water, sanitation and hygiene
  • Increase child protection (for example, preventing early marriage)

What is poverty? It’s not as simple as you think (6)
An effective way to reduce poverty is by strengthening the livelihoods and financial security of families. In Laos, rural families join a savings program allowing them access to basic financial services. Photo: Nicolas Charlassier, Simon Cote

10. Is child sponsorship an effective way to reduce poverty?
Of course, there is no magic wand to eliminate poverty. But with courageous effort, love and cooperation we can all make a difference.

(Video) EPISODE 381I JOHN on the DA, Racism, Land Reform, Orania ,Eskom, Hellen Zille, Mmusi Maimane , ANC

Child sponsorship has been how World Vision donors make that difference by helping to strengthen communities. The results have been significant.

Through Area Development Programs, which last between 10-15 years, child sponsorship has enabled communities to make important progress. For example*:

  • In Chingeltei, Mongolia from 2013 to 2021, households with enough food year-round for their family needs increased from 52.6% to 74.4%, while parents and caregivers using effective disaster risk reduction strategies went up from 72.8% to 94.4%.
  • In Toroly, Mali between 2008 and 2021, household access to improved latrines increased from 8% to 74.6%.
  • In Eravur Pattu, Sri Lanka, children who can read with comprehension increased from 18% in 2014 to 65% in 2021.

Like what you see? Children in 44 countries around the world can use your help today and you can provide it when you sponsor a child.

We also work directly with children in conflict zones. These are places where children have been child soldiers, forced into early marriage or physically and sexually abused. For example:

  • In war-torn Afghanistan, World Vision has set up a network of community change groups that have helped children like Esin avoid being married off as young as 12. Read her story and others like it.
  • In South Sudan, now five years into civil war, World Vision helped Agnes—a former child soldier forced to kill to survive. Agnes is being reintegrated into her community with psychological counseling and the opportunity for education. Read her story here.
  • In drought-stricken Somalia, a World Vision emergency mobile health unit helped save 2-year-old Amina’s life. Read her story here.

*World Vision Canada Annual Results Report, Fiscal Year 2021

Updated by Charizze Abulencia

(Video) “PEOPLE DON’T KNOW WHAT'S COMING...” | Ray Dalio's Last WARNING

FAQs

What is poverty? It’s not as simple as you think? ›

Essentially, poverty refers to lacking enough resources to provide the necessities of life—food, clean water, shelter and clothing. But in today's world, that can be extended to include access to health care, education and even transportation.

What is poverty explain in simple words? ›

Poverty is about not having enough money to meet basic needs including food, clothing and shelter. However, poverty is more, much more than just not having enough money. The World Bank Organization describes poverty in this way: “Poverty is hunger. Poverty is lack of shelter.

What can you say about poverty? ›

We can define poverty as the condition where the basic needs of a family, like food, shelter, clothing, and education are not fulfilled. It can lead to other problems like poor literacy, unemployment, malnutrition, etc. A poor person is not able to get education due to lack of money and therefore remains unemployed.

Why is poverty difficult to define? ›

Absolute poverty is difficult to measure because there is no universally agreed concept of 'needs', and the same criticisms can be applied to relative poverty – if we are to base the definition of this on not having certain items, then it is impossible to escape subjective interpretations of what the cluster of ' ...

What does Amartya Sen say about poverty? ›

According to Sen, being poor does not mean living below an imaginary poverty line, such as an income of two dollars a day or less. It means having an income level that does not allow an individual to cover certain basic necessities, taking into account the circumstances and social requirements of the environment.

What is poverty by Brainly? ›

Answer: Poverty is the state of being poor, having little money or being in need of a specific quality. An example of poverty is the state a person is in when he is homeless and has no money or assets. ... The condition or quality of being poor; indigence; need. o2z1qpv and 4 more users found this answer helpful.

What are the three definitions of poverty? ›

Poverty is lack of shelter. Poverty is being sick and not being able to see a doctor. Poverty is not having access to school and not knowing how to read. Poverty is not having a job, is fear for the future, living one day at a time. Poverty is losing a child to illness brought about by unclean water.

How does poverty make you feel? ›

In the psyche, poverty begets fear, anxiety, tension, and worry, constant worry. In the soul, poverty, which feels like the loss of you know not what, is always there like a cold fist to remind you that tomorrow will be the same as today.

How do you write a conclusion for poverty? ›

In conclusion, poverty is not the problem of a person but of the whole nation. Also, it should be deal with on an urgent basis by the implementation of effective measures. In addition, eradication of poverty has become necessary for the sustainable and inclusive growth of people, society, country, and economy.

Why is it important to talk about poverty? ›

Why are we talking about it? Poverty can have a profound impact on a child's life. Children who grow up in poverty often face different challenges than children in middle or upper class environments encounter.

What do you mean by poverty Class 9 Brainly? ›

Answer: poverty is a condition in which people are unable to achieve their basic needs like shelter,food , sanitation. acobdarfq and 16 more users found this answer helpful.

What is the meaning of poverty class 9th? ›

Answer: Poverty is a situation in which a person is unable to get the minimum basic necessities of life, i.e., food, clothing and shelter for his or her sustenance.

What is meant by poverty class 9? ›

Answer: A person is considered poor if his or her income or consumption level falls below a given “minimum level” necessary to fulfil the basic needs. This minimum level is called the poverty line.

What is poverty class 10th? ›

Poverty means living in conditions of where a person doesn't have basic needs like proper food, water or shelter.

What is poverty and its types? ›

Poverty is an economic state where people are experiencing scarcity or the lack of certain commodities that are required for the lives of human beings like money and material things. Therefore, poverty is a multifaceted concept inclusive of social, economic and political elements.

What causes poverty? ›

The United Nations Social Policy and Development Division identifies “inequalities in income distribution and access to productive resources, basic social services, opportunities” and more as a cause for poverty. Groups like women, religious minorities, and racial minorities are the most vulnerable.

What is poverty Class 9 Brainly? ›

Answer: poverty is a condition in which people are unable to achieve their basic needs like shelter,food , sanitation. acobdarfq and 16 more users found this answer helpful.

What is poverty line class 9 Brainly? ›

Explanation: The poverty threshold, poverty limit, poverty line or breadline, is the minimum level of income deemed adequate in a particular country. Poverty line is usually calculated by finding the total cost of all the essential resources that an average human adult consumes in one year.

Videos

1. The biggest legal F*CK up in history (*MATURE AUDIENCES ONLY*) Mrballen - Live with Artofkickz
(artofkickz)
2. Will a Trump indictment spark unrest? +Jared Kushner, Fox News, UK recession & muscle- testing Ivana
(Cash Peters)
3. Dailies Today, Friday, 19/08/2022
(Nigeria Info FM)
4. Why is it so hard to escape poverty? - Ann-Helén Bay
(TED-Ed)
5. LanyiGaming: Defeated by 2 Bots and Lose Millions in Metro Royale
(蓝一游戏 LanYi Gaming)
6. CISSP Series Domain1 Episode 25 - Bonus Episode - New Insights in CIA for #cissp Part1
(Rashid Siddiqui | CISSP, CCSP and Related Stories)

Top Articles

Latest Posts

Article information

Author: The Hon. Margery Christiansen

Last Updated: 12/15/2022

Views: 5999

Rating: 5 / 5 (50 voted)

Reviews: 81% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: The Hon. Margery Christiansen

Birthday: 2000-07-07

Address: 5050 Breitenberg Knoll, New Robert, MI 45409

Phone: +2556892639372

Job: Investor Mining Engineer

Hobby: Sketching, Cosplaying, Glassblowing, Genealogy, Crocheting, Archery, Skateboarding

Introduction: My name is The Hon. Margery Christiansen, I am a bright, adorable, precious, inexpensive, gorgeous, comfortable, happy person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.